The long super-zoom camera from Sony is the Cyber-shot HX400V. It features a new 20.4 Megapixel CMOS sensor paired with the most recent BIONZ X CPU, a 3in tilting screen and electronic viewfinder, built-in Wifi with NFC, and a GPS receiver. It also has a 50x optical range with an equivalent focal length of 24–1200mm.
A back-illuminated 1/2.3in Exmor R CMOS sensor measuring 6.174.55mm is included on the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX400 camera. This sensor has the same dimensions as the HX300’s sensor and the same 20.4 million-pixel resolution. We discovered that the HX300’s small sensor size and many pixels had a negative impact on image quality, especially at high ISO sensitivities. The HX400 has the same ISO 80-3200 sensitivity range as the HX300. On the HX400, a greater ISO sensitivity of ISO 12,800 is available, however this requires the usage of Multi Frame Noise Reduction, which combines three photos to minimize noise in-camera.
The Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX400 relies on the camera’s processor to decrease noise and therefore enhance JPEG image quality because it does not shoot raw images. Luckily, Sony’s flagship compact system cameras, the Alpha 7 and 7R, share the new Sony Bionz X processing engine with the HX400.
The Carl Zeiss Vario-Sonnar T* lens of the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX400, which has a whopping 50x optical zoom, is unquestionably the camera’s standout feature. This corresponds to a 24–1200mm lens length on a 35mm camera. The maximum aperture of the zoom starts at 24mm and closes to f/2.8 at 1200mm. Naturally, the likelihood of camera shake when shooting handheld increases with the length of the lens. Sony has worked to properly balance the lens elements in order to decrease this shake to a 4.5EV effect. The lens also has a control ring that may be used to manually focus and alter the zoom.
The HX400 has numerous sophisticated manual-focus features, including MF assist, which will digitally expand a particular area by 5x or 10x to ensure accurate focus. This is true of many Sony cameras. Focus peaking is another feature that may be used to emphasize edges when they are sharpest. Its color and intensity can be adjusted through the options.
The Sony Cybershot DSC-HX400V sports a body in the DSLR style, a rubberized handgrip, and a rubber thumb patch on the back. The lens barrel contains a rotating portion that can be used to adjust the manual focus or zoom when using autofocus. This part also has grooves to make it easier to hold the lens. You may switch between auto and manual focus using a sliding slider on the side of the lens barrel. Also available are 55mm filters. The lens is marked with the 35mm equivalent. There is a switch to activate the flash right above this.
The mode dial, together with the function, custom, on/off, zoom rocker, and shutter release, are located on the top of the camera. You may access photo settings like ISO and white balance by pressing the function button. Although the EVF is automatically enabled when it is placed in front of your eye, there is a button that allows you to switch between the EVF and monitor.
The camera’s movie record, playback, menu, and? buttons are located on the back. The display, self-timer, continuous shooting, flash, and exposure correction are all accessible via the d-pad, which is also used to cycle through the menus. You can also adjust the shutter speed and aperture using the dial, which is particularly helpful for navigating menu settings.
The 3.0 inch LCD panel, which rotates for easy viewing from above or below and has an exceptional 921k dot resolution, is also located on the back. It’s important to note that the EVF does somewhat obscure the screen when viewed from straight above. There is a dioptre wheel available for individuals who have slightly weak vision, and the EVF is bright, colorful, and comfortable to use.
It’s simple to use the Wi-Fi; simply go to playback, access the Wi-Fi settings through the menu, and pick either to choose pictures from the camera or from your mobile device. After turning on the Wi-Fi, you connect to it with your mobile device and launch the PlayMemories app, which must be downloaded before utilizing the HX400V’s Wi-Fi. Be careful that the copy picture size might need to be changed because it might be set by default to only 2 megapixels.
The 20.4 megapixel JPEG option, which results in an average image size of about 6Mb, was used to capture all of the sample images included in this study.
During the testing period, the Sony CyberShot DSC-HX400V produced photos of good quality. It managed noise reasonably well, with some noise showing up at the relatively slow ISO 400 and getting progressively worse at the faster ISO 800 and 1600 levels. We wouldn’t use any of the fastest ISO3200-12,8000 levels unless absolutely necessary because they all suffer from a loss of fine detail.
Chromatic aberrations were present but well-controlled, and in circumstances with strong contrast, a small amount of purple fringing effects appeared. The 20 megapixel photographs needed additional sharpening in a program like Adobe Photoshop or you could turn up the in-camera sharpness level because they were a little soft right out of the camera at the default sharpen setting.
Excellent macro performance enables you to focus as closely as 1 cm from the subject. With the very adaptable 50x zoom lens, barrel distortion is admirably well-controlled even at the 24mm wide-angle focal length. With no red-eye and a sufficient overall exposure, the built-in flash performed nicely indoors. The cameras can capture adequate light for the majority of nighttime conditions with a maximum shutter speed of 30 seconds.
The Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX400 delivers photos that are comparable to those from a mid-range compact camera in decent lighting, but with the benefit of a super zoom. The majority of scenarios can be handled by this zoom range, and I rarely found myself needing to use the zoom beyond 1000mm. Camera shake is significantly reduced by the optical stabilization.
This camera is not the best option for people who are picky about their image quality. Detail in photos seems smudged in poor light at high ISO sensitivity because of the noise reduction. Although photographs under strong light are not particularly detailed, they are still appropriate for web usage or modest printing. Yet, people who just want to photograph wildlife or document their travels can use this camera. The HX400 has excellent handling, is lightweight, and has good LCD and viewfinder. Most critically, however, almost nothing is out of reach thanks to the zoom range.